Wedding by abduction soars in Bihar, over 3,000 grooms tied up knot at gunpoint in 2016

The amounts of wedding by abduction, the tradition is easy: zero-in on a groom that is prospective kidnap him making him connect the nuptial knot at gunpoint, are growing.


  • Abduction by marriage is nothing uncommon in Bihar.

Might 25 had been supposed to be a day that is memorable Julie, a 19-year-old woman in Bihar’s Muzaffarpur region, 70 km north of the state money Patna. She has been visited by a for makeup products and Julie ended up being sparkling inside her bridal attire.

Her household ended up being all decked up, the pandit (priest) had been here to chant mantra that is sacred Abhinay Kumar, a 22-year-old youth she would be to connect the nuptial knot, ended up being prepared, though under duress. But, simply if the wedding mantras had been over, the authorities arrived; looking for the kidnapped groom after their moms and dads registered a full instance to the impact. But as always, the cops arrived belated, and also by the right time the wedding had been over.

They nevertheless wished to save the groom nevertheless the bride and her family – supported with family members and villagers – put up a challenging battle, forcing the cops to conquer a hasty retreat. The cops returned a full hour later on, angrier than before; plus in greater quantity. They swung such ferocity to their batons so it left almost two dozen gents and ladies, including Julie hurt.

Now, per week later on, with accidents all over her human anatomy, julie continues to be struggling to walk directly. The Muzaffarpur senior superintendent of authorities Vivek Kumar has suspended Gayghat police place in-charge Rajesh Choudhary, keeping him in charge of excesses. Truly the only good outcome for Julie within the whole drama ended up being that her husband who had been reluctant to marry her initially begun to empathise, seeing her writhing in pain.

“We have accepted her as my spouse. Whatever distinction there clearly was between our families, it will probably overcome briefly. Time will heal everything, ” he claims.


Seems like a way that is unusual get hitched? In Julie and Abhinay’s Bihar what’s strange just isn’t the way when the few stepped along the aisle, however the authorities action that followed. Interestingly, that is absolutely absolutely nothing uncommon in Bihar since the state witnesses around 3,000 partners getting hitched into the style that is same virtually every 12 months. Statistics comes down seriously to nine marriages that are such time.

Referred to as Pakadwa Vivah (wedding by abduction), the tradition is straightforward: zero-in on a potential groom, kidnap him while making him connect the nuptial knot at gunpoint. While the figures have been growing. Bihar witnessed 3,075 kidnapping for wedding in 2016. It absolutely was 3,001 in 2015 and 2,533 in 2014. And a lot of these marriages survive.

Abduction for marriage seemingly have remained unabated in 2017 too. Based on numbers available using the authorities, Bihar currently has reported 830 kidnappings for wedding by March this current year. Having said that, just eight instances of kidnappings for ransom – which Bihar had been as soon as infamous for – have already been registered in those times.

Obviously, abduction for wedding is practically like a proven, appropriate trend in Bihar. The NCRB Crime in Asia Report, 2015 report – that will be the most up-to-date figure that is official at current – additionally verifies that while Bihar is far below other States in terms of abduction of guys below 18 years old, it appears towards the top in the united states in terms of abductions of above 18-year-old males. In reality, the quantity of abducted men from Bihar into the 18 to 30 age-group category had been 1,096 in 2015. Their state alone accounted for almost 17 percent associated with nationwide figure in the category.

“The abduction of males for wedding is a direct result of social evils like dowry. It really is a rearguard action through the bride’s household, which discovers it self under great product load while organizing the wedding. In a typically patriarchal culture like Bihar, marriages are becoming a money-minting enterprise when it comes to kid’s moms and dads. Therefore, families without wherewithal to prepare a great resort that is dowry hopeless measures like abducting the right bridegroom because of their daughter’s wedding, ” says Ashok Priyadarshi, an instructor in Nawada, a district infamous for such marriages.


Though unlawful, dowry can be an inescapable marriage that is traditional through which the groom’s household demands enormous amounts of income and items through the bride’s household as an ailment for permitting their son marry her.

Families turn to snatch males – usually young men- since it is easier than approaching kid’s families and less expensive than having to pay the”dowry that is standard” which can be in lakhs plus a car.

Kamta Singh, Chairman of A agriculture that is primary asian brides at credit in Rampur, Navada reported that nearly 90 per cent marriages into the town have now been solemnised by kidnapping a bridegroom. A number that is good of are kidnapped and hitched down during matriculation and intermediate examinations if they look at the examination centers. In March, a boy that is 17-year-old kidnapped from Patna and hitched down up to a 15-year-old woman soon after he reached the town with a relative who was simply showing up for matriculation examination. The child, a course XII pupil, ended up being whisked away by four guys on two bikes after smothering him unconscious having a cloth that is chloroformed. Because of the time the kid regained his sensory faculties, he had been inside a home with a lot of people around, whom told him which he ended up being now hitched. Their garments too were turned into bridal attire.

Families usually utilize buddies and family members, or even employ expert crooks, to carryout abductions for marriages. In-may 2009, crooks assigned to kidnap 16-year-old Lalbabu for marriage, exposed fire in Gaya to terrorise a team of pupils, have been utilizing the target while he arrived on the scene from a coaching Centre.

Lalbabu’s friend Praveen received a gunshot and succumbed to his injuries. A shocked Lalbabu had been abducted by the crooks up to a temple in Jehanabad region where he had been forced to marry a 13-year-old woman babita beneath the shadow of the weapon. The marriage, but, fell aside because of the police murder that is registering from the bride’s daddy and bro.


Also safety personnel on their own could be kidnapped because of the crooks. As soon as, the bodyguard of the Bihar Cadre IPS officer Shivdeep W Lande, now on deputation to Maharashtra, had been kidnapped as he ended up being published in Jamalpur. Nevertheless the kidnappers set him free after realising that they are able to ask a authorities backlash.

When a kid is kidnapped and taken up to a bride’s house, their future in-laws make an effort to sooth him down by placing a marriage headgear onto his mind. The embroidered headgear, known as a Mauri, is really an icon of their submissive acceptance. Numerous battle fiercely, but every kidnapped child fundamentally relents under duress. In pretty much all such situations, the villagers increase help to your woman’s family members. The ceremony is videographed so your tapes may be used as proof later on.

In reality, also priests of village temples – where marriages are solemnised, like within the full instance of Lalbabu – cooperate aided by the woman’s family members and issue a certificate of marriage. Obviously, the approval from culture to marriages that are such emboldened the families to just take the legislation within their arms.

The practice has theoretically been unlawful for a long time, nevertheless the legislation hardly ever happens to be enforced. Brutal while the custom is, it is commonly regarded as practical.


“a lot of people don’t care it really is unlawful while there is a tremendously high chance of reconciliation. The child’s family members frets and fumes following the marriage but simply to raise a dowry need. Guaranteed that the kid happens to be theirs, your ex’s moms and dad will also be ready to settle things by providing one-fourth of this typical dowry which they might have experienced to provide had the kid perhaps not been hitched, ” said Hetukar Jha a retired sociology professor at Patna University.

Rajiv Narayan of Nawada in Bihar is among the numerous such guys whom has place the past behind and accepted their wife, with who he had been forcefully hitched in 1976. Rajiv ended up being tricked to consult with Badhaiya in Lakhisarai district where he had been hitched under duress as he ended up being simply 14.

He had been hitched to Madhuri Devi, who had been just 12. Their own families permitted the 2 to perform their studies ahead of the two were formally built to live together. Today Rajiv is required being a meter audience with Bihar Electricity Board while Madhuri is college instructor at Nawada.

Rajiv’s younger bro Ashok (40 12 months), legal counsel, ended up being married in the chronilogical age of 13 in a comparable fashion with Annu of Pakribaswan town. The youngest cousin Dhannjay ended up being additionally abducted and married to Sunita of Bighawa town in 2002. Dhananjay, 25, now operates a pc equipment store.